Civil Law in Czech Republic
Civil Law in Czech RepublicUpdated on Thursday 07th July 2016
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The Czech Civil Law was recently modified, as the local authorities have imposed a new Civil Code, which is the main rule of law. The new Civil Code (Act No. 89/2011 Coll.) became effective starting with 1st of January 2014. The new legislation provides significant changes for various areas of the civil law, such as those referring to family aspects or ownership provisions. Our team of Czech lawyers can offer an in-depth presentation on the main changes of the new Act.
The structure of the Czech Civil Code
Persons who are interested in the civil legislation applicable to natural persons and to legal entities in Czech Republic should know that the new Civil Code, which replaced the one enforced in 1964, is comprised of five parts, as follows:
• a general part which provides common legal rules applicable to natural persons and legal entities;
• the part referring to the Family Act, which regulates family relationships, such as marriage, divorce, inheritance and others;
• the part referring to the Property Law, which stipulates the legal framework applicable for purchases of Czech properties, ownership and co-ownership or heirship;
• the part on the Contractual Law, which defines the legal aspects of contractual relationships;
• the part about the common and final provisions.
Our team of Czech attorneys can offer more details on the structure of the Civil Code.
Changes of the new Czech Civil Code
Some of the most important changes stated in the new Civil Code refer to the following:
• family law;
• property law.
The main legal enactments of the new legislation are:
• the breaches of the personal rights will be sanctioned;
• live animals are no longer considered things or objects, as the new Code states that they are beings with senses;
• placing children in children’s home will only be possible for a period of maximum three years;
• a testament can become valid under the will of the testator, in the presence of a notary and witnesses;
• those who are disposed of an object considered to be “of special affinity” will have the right to a compensation;
• rents can only be increased once a year.
Persons who are interested in receiving more details on the main changes of the Civil Law in Czech Republic can address to our Czech law firm for legal assistance.